Human Genetics and Eugenics

Human genetics refers to the study of inheritance in human beings. It encompasses several fields including biochemical genetics, developmental genetics, clinical genetics, classical and clinical genetics. On the other hand, Eugenics is the practice or study aimed at improving human gene by encouraging people reproduction of desirable traits and prevent the reproduction of undesirable people which in other terms eugenics is an improvement of genetics. This article will, therefore, narrow its discussion by looking deeply into the aspect of cloning as one of the practices related to genetics and eugenics.

Cloning in a broader perspective refers to the science of producing genetically identical copies of the biological entity via somatic cell transfer. There are two ways of making a genetic copy of an organism, and these refer to artificial embryo twinning which is a relatively low-tech way of making clones, as the name suggest it mimics the natural way that leads to the creation of identical twins. The other way that is used in the process of cloning is somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT).

Cloning in broader perspective has led to numerous differences in that some are supporting it and some do refute the aspect of producing identical copies as we can see from the pros and cons. From the issue of reproductive cloning, we come to understand that families who have no children can now gain children who are genetically related. Many individuals believe that cloning gets its better use in replacing failing organs, and this would diminish the urge for organ donation and more people would be saved.

On the other side, we find that some individuals do not give an upper hand to the aspect of cloning. Still under the aspect of reproductive cloning, we find that it brings the misunderstanding that children can be replicated and designed to the wishes of the parents. Many individuals also believe that cloning is against God’s wishes in that clones are created by man and also believed that these clones would be created without a soul.


From the aspect of cloning to some extent we get the field of technology and science om their toes in improving human health and the living standards tirelessly. Even though there are numerous pros, there must be cons in each and every aspect that exists in the world.


Work Cited

Aversano, L., Cerulo, L., & Di Penta, M. (2010). How clones are maintained: An empirical study. In Software Maintenance and Reengineering, 2007. CSMR’07. 11th European Conference on (pp. 81-90). IEEE.

Brock, D. W. (2008). Cloning human beings: an assessment of the ethical issues pro and con. Clones and clones: Facts and fantasies about human cloning, 160.

Kevles, D. J. (2015). In the name of eugenics: Genetics and the uses of human heredity (No. 95). Harvard University Press.

Paul, D. B., &Hasian, M. A. (2008). Controlling human heredity: 1865 to the present.

Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E. F., & Maniatis, T. (2014). Molecular cloning (Vol. 2, pp. 14-9). New York: Cold spring harbor laboratory press.

Vogel, F., & Motulsky, A. G. (2013). Vogel and Motulsky’s Human Genetics: Problems and Approaches. Springer Science & Business Media.