In the 1920s, there are different changes that took place. Some of these changes were convenient to the modern societies. Such changes included introduction of washing machines as well as buying on credit. This increased efficiency and people could not do all the work with their bare hands. Other changes were made on the constitution that affected the society in different ways. An analysis of the 19th amendment to constitution of the United States will be done in this paper.
Before the 19th amendment to constitution, there was the fifteenth amendment that gave the ex-slaves the right to vote. Later on it withheld the right from both black and white women. It was believed from the past that women position was at home and was supposed to be less worldly (Burgman, 2006). They were also thought to be less intelligent and were not supposed to have a place in the voting booth. This notion begun to change and women stated movements that agitated the right to vote.
The 19th amendment to constitution took place in the 1920s. This amendment officially provided right to vote to women. Before this amendment the constitution did not allow women to vote or hold a powerful position. Women were said to be protected from the evil s of politics. Women wanted to be considered and granted independence. In 1776, Abigail Adams talked with her husband John Adams and asked him to be generous and favorable to women than those who were in power before him. However, women lost their freedom to vote in the late 18th century (Young, 2010). During the 19th century, there are some states that provided limited right for women to vote. There was need for amendment of the constitution in order to allow total freedom for women to participate in election voting. The movement for women suffrage was introduced and was also involved in campaigns against slavery. The national women suffrage association and American woman suffrage association were formed. These focused on ensuring constitution amendment.
The congressional union of woman suffrage was organized in 1913. This later became National Women’s Party. The goal was to lobby or an amendment. In 1919, the president, Woodrow Wilson made a pro-suffrage speech. There were efforts by the president to getting the amendment bill through congress. This process required two-thirds majority. When the efforts failed, Wilson called a special meeting. The bill was passed and sent to the senate. There was a long debate and then the majority was achieved and the constitution was legally amended. The nineteenth amendment stated that the right to vote shall not be abridged by the United States or any other account of the voter’s sex and was made customary that the congress had the power to enact and support legislation (Burgan, 2006).
The women suffrage was faced with opposition. The opponents feared the suffrage. There were arguments that voting was a privilege of citizenship. The opponents however argued that their husbands and fathers represented women in public councils. The opponents were fellow women who also felt that God had created women for domestic concerns. There was no need for women to engage in matters concerning politics (Vile, 2009). Men also opposed the women suffrage. They believed that women were not supposed to be involved politics. Their women were supposed to be good wives and mothers. However, those who supported the women suffrage argued that involvement of the women in voting would refine the political process. The process would be free from corruption and other form of ethical issues. Different states extended their support for women suffrage and this prevailed in congress as well. After decade of struggle American women won the basic right of a democratic society. They had the right to vote.
Another opposition of the 19th amendment was from the bible. The book of genesis suggests that man was created first and Eve was his helper and not his equal. Man is viewed to be stronger than women. Men were also viewed more intelligent than women. Women have also their gifts. They are loving and innocent than men. It was this argument that religious leaders believed that women should give up their rights. Men also should be responsible and provide for their women as well as make them safe. This though made men think that women were not supposed to speak on public issue (Burgan, 2006).
The nineteenth amendment had two sections. Section one of the amendment stated the provision of the constitution. This section stated that the citizens of the United States had the right to vote and they shall not be denied the rights by the United States or any state on the basis of sex. Women were granted freedom and discrimination was illegal. They could participate in the election process. This also empowered women who could also have an opportunity to vie for political positions. The amendment was an avenue to other forms of freedom. Slavery for women was minimized and they had chances of developing themselves in terms of education. Women gained recognition which motivated them to contribute positively to the economic development of the country (Ford, 2011).
Section two of the amendment gave power to the congress to enforce the article by appropriate legislation. The bill was passed and supported by the senate and the congress had power to enforce the law. The amendment was passed by the congress in June 4, 1919. It was then ratified in august 18, 1020 and since then, women had the right to vote (Ford, 2011). This was a lengthy and difficult situation for women to achieve this form of freedom. The women engaged marching, lobbying and even practiced civil disobedience in order to achieve the radical constitution change. They began by organizing petition and picketing in order to be granted the right to vote.
In conclusion, the 19th amendment to the constitution granted women their right to vote. Women were denied the rights because the society thought it was unfit for women to engage in public matters. They were supposed to be at their homes and take care of the family. Efforts towards ensuring women had freedom began in the 1800s. Women organized, petitioned and even picketed in order to be granted the rights. The amendment was introduced in the 1878 to the congress. Women suffrage was formed in order to strengthen the movements to succeed in the amendment. The suffrage was united and was supported by the president in 1917. The women suffrage was faced with rejection from both women and men. Those who opposed argued that women were represented by their men during voting. Instead of going to public booth to vote, women were supposed to take care of their family.